e-ISSN: 2147-2181
CausaPedia - Hakemli Olgu Dergisi
e-ISSN: 2147-2181
CausaPedia - Hakemli Olgu Dergisi

Current Articles

Lumbar Disc Herniation In A 15-Year-Old Pediatric Patient: Case Report

Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a clinical picture with complaints of low back and leg pain that occurs when the lumbar spinal root is compressed by the hernia nucleus pulposus. Although LDH is usually seen in adults, it is less frequently seen in adolescents and children. LDH can cause disruption in education and limitation in social and physical activity in the pediatric population. A 15-year-old female patient applied to our clinic because of the complaints of pain in the lower back and right leg, which started three months ago, and could not get results from the medical and physical therapy. In the examination, the straight leg lift test was evaluated at 30 degrees on the right, the plantar flexion of the right ankle was 4/5, and the right big toe extension was at the 4/5 strength level. Multilevel lumbar disc degeneration was detected in the lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient. Microdiscectomy was performed for the right paracentrally located disc herniation in the L5-S1, which was symptomatic, and the root was relieved. In the control examination of the patient, who stated that the leg pain was gone after the operation, the plantar flexion of the right ankle and the extension of the right big toe were 5/5 strength. LDH can occur at any age. In adolescent patients, LDH may occur due to many reasons such as lumbosacral stress, vertebral anomalies, and genetic factors. Recent studies suggest that spinopelvic parameters may play a role in the development of LDH. Although conservative approach is primarily considered in the treatment, if the patient has radiculopathy and motor deficit, and if there is no response to medical and physical therapy at the same time, surgical treatment is inevitable.
Accepted: 06.04.2023

Spontaneous Catheter Replacement After Venous Port Catheterization

Central venous port systems are systems that can be used frequently in patients with chronic diseases that require long-term treatment and need a long-term venous system. In our case, we aimed to present a rare and life-threatening complication due to intracardiac displacement of the port catheter. A 62-year-old female patient who was treated for breast cancer was discharged with a port catheter about 1 month ago and no pathology was detected in the post-procedure controls. After 1 month, the wound was opened in an external center due to swelling and collection in the port pocket, but the patient was referred because the port was not in place. After the examinations were performed by us, the catheter was found to be in the intracardiac region and the patient was taken into surgery. The catheter that could not be removed with minimally invasive methods, a mini-incision was made in the thorax and the pericardium right atrium was reached. The palpable catheter was released with an incision made in the right auricle, and the operation was terminated by closing it appropriately. Although central venous port catheter systems have many advantages for the patient, they can also lead to vital complications after the procedure, as in our case. For this reason, the procedures to be performed should be explained to the patient in detail and their consent should be obtained.
Accepted: 06.04.2023

Reconstruction with Split Thickness Skin Graft in Local Control of Metastatic, Giant Ulcer Breast Cancer

After toilet mastectomy performed in locally advanced breast cancer cases where palliative interventions such as ulceration, necrosis and bleeding , primary non-closable mastectomy defects can be treated with local flaps or skin grafts. The aim of this article is to evaluate the results of patients who underwent reconstruction with split thickness skin grafts. Four patients underwent reconstruction with a split-thickness skin graft prepared from the thigh. There were no complications in the postoperative period. No patient required revision. Although both flap and graft methods are used to treat large chest wall defects after excision of locally advanced breast cancer, graft reconstruction can be safely performed in patients with aggressive disease.
Accepted: 06.04.2023

A Rare Cause of Gastrointestinal Bleeding, A Case of Gastric Leiomyosarcoma

Gastric leiomyosarcom is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. In this study, we presented a case who consulted with gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms.
Accepted: 06.04.2023

Right Sided Enterothroax: A Rare Long-term Complication of Donor Hepatectomy

Diaphragmatic hernias can be classified as congenital and acquired. Right-sided acquired incisional diaphragmatic hernias are extremely rare. We operated on a patient who had undergone donor hepatectomy about 3 years ago with the diagnosis of strangulated incarcerated incisional diaphragmatic hernia after evaluation in the emergency department. We primarily repaired the small diaphragmatic defect with non-absorbable suture and performed a right hemicolectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully on the 7th postoperative day. The incidence of post-operative incisional diaphragmatic hernia is between 5-62% in different series, and the postoperative morbidity rate for liver donors is 12-26%. Strangulated diaphragmatic hernias should be kept in mind as a diagnosis in patients who have undergone liver surgery. The approach to the patient should be determined according to the clinic, imaging and the patient's condition.
Accepted: 06.04.2023

Spontaneous Pneumodiastinum, A Rare Condition in Pediatric Asthma

Spontaneous pneumomediastinium is a rare condition in pediatric patients. It may originate from the trachea, esophagus or organs that may be connected to the mediastinum in the mediastinum. We present a case of pneumomediastinium with subcutaneous emphysema at the age of 4 admitted to our emergency department. A 4-year-old male patient with known asthma was brought to the emergency department with respiratory distress. The general condition of the patient was good. Body temperature was 36.5 0 C, blood pressure was 100/60 mmHg in the right arm, pulse was 125/min, respiratory rate was 18/min, oxygen saturation value was 98. The patient's other system examinations were normal, and thoracic tomography imaging was performed due to crapitation in the neck and chest region. As a result of tomography, air densities were observed in the soft tissues in the anterior mediastinum and anterior chest wall. The patient's other system examinations were normal, and thoracic tomography imaging was performed due to crapitation in the neck and chest region. As a result of tomography, air densities were observed in the soft tissues in the anterior mediastinum and anterior chest wall. The Covid-19 polymerase chain reaction test of the patient, who did not find any abnormality in the laboratory examination, was negative. The patient was diagnosed with spontaneous pneumomediastinum due to asthma and was admitted to the intensive care unit for treatment and monitoring. Nasal oxygen support, 1 mg/kg prednol, and bronchodilator treatment were started to the patient. After 4 days of intensive care, the patient's emphysema completely regressed. The patient was discharged from the pediatric service on the 5th day. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, a rare condition called Hamman's syndrome, is a condition that mostly affects tall, thin adolescent males. Spontaneous pneumomediastinium, which is rare in children with asthma, may also occur due to Covid -19 disease in these days when we are experiencing the pandemic period, so it should not be forgotten in the diagnosis.
Accepted: 17.11.2022

Successfully Management of Post Traumatic Pancreatic Fistula with Pancreatic Stent Application

Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula (POPF) is a feared and harmful complication after pancreas-related surgery. Most commonly pancreatic duct fistula occurs after pancreatic surgery, but may also present rarely after trauma or surgical interventions of the splenic flexure and spleen. Different approaches are performed for these complications, such as; conservative treatment, endoscopic and percutaneous treatment, and surgical management. In this study, we aimed to present a 65-year-old male with colon splenic flexure perforation after stabbed injury, from left hypochondria. Segmental colon resection and end colostomy were performed. Postoperative 5th day, pancreatic fistula occurred and pancreatic duct stenting by Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed and pancreatic leakage was successfully treated without another surgical intervention.
Accepted: 17.11.2022

A Pleural Catheter Complication; Where is the Catheter?

Pleural effusion is a common thoracic pathology. It occurs as a result of the disruption of the balance between the release and drainage of pleural fluid. Pleural effusion may develop due to lung or other organ pathologies. The most common methods used for pleural fluid drainage are thoracentesis, tube thoracostomy and small diameter pleural drainage catheters (CPC). CPC has been widely used in pleural effusion in recent years. CPC was applied to an 82-year-old female patient due to pleural effusion. During the follow-up of the patient, the catheter was broken and the remaining piece fell into the thorax. As a result of the examinations performed on the patient, an intrathoracic foreign body was detected and the catheter incision site was enlarged 1 cm and the foreign body was removed with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.
Accepted: 17.11.2022
CausaPedia Arşiv
Year 2023, Volume:12, Issue:2
CausaPedia Arşiv
Year 2023, Volume:12, Issue:1
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Year 2022, Volume:11, Issue:3
CausaPedia Arşiv
Year 2022, Volume:11, Issue:2
CausaPedia Arşiv
Year 2022, Volume:11, Issue:1
CausaPedia Arşiv
Year 2021, Volume:10, Issue:1

Türk Medline Ulusal Sağlık Bilimleri Süreli Yayınlar Veritabanı, Türkiye'de yayınlanan bilimsel ve süreli sağlık bilimleri dergilerinde yer alan makalelerin ortak bir alandan erişilmesini hedeflemiş ve bu hedef ile 2004 yılında internet üzerinden yayına başlamıştır. Bu veritabanın önemli hedeflerinden bir tanesi de ulusal yayınlara erişilebilirliği sağlayarak okunma oranlarını arttırmak ve yapılan iyi çalışmaların önemli referanslar arasında yer almasına katkıda bulunmaktır.

 

ENTcase is an electronic journal which publishes peer-reviewed scientific case-reports. It is published 4 issues annually as on March, June, September and December. All accepted manuscripts are published immediately.

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